Definition of Diabetes :
Diabetes, often described by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases by which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they’ll become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
Normally, blood sugar levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. Once the blood glucose elevates (for example, after eating food), insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level. In patients with diabetes, the absence or insufficient production of insulin causes hyperglycemia.
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it could be controlled, it lasts a lifetime. Over time, diabetes can cause blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage. These types of damage are the result of damage to small vessels, known as microvascular disease. Diabetes is also an important aspect in accelerating the hardening and narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading to strokes, coronary heart disease, and other large blood vessel diseases. This is called macrovascular disease.
There are three kinds of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes,
Type 2Diabetes and
Type 1 diabetes is a type of diabetes that the human body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this kind as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as common as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. Patients with type 1 diabetes will have to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They should also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells within the body do not respond to insulin (insulin resistance). It’s true—between 90 and 95 percent of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. It’s usually associated with old age, obesity, family history, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities. About 80 percent of individuals with type 2 diabetes are overweight. When type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the pancreas is generally producing enough insulin, however for unknown reasons the body cannot use the insulin effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. After several years, insulin production decreases. The result—glucose or sugar, builds up in the blood and the body cannot make efficient use of this main source of fuel. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop gradually. Symptoms may include fatigue, frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and slow healing of wounds or sores.
However, Gestational diabetes affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose within their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose to their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy. Many} gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Between 10% to 20% of them will have to take some kind of blood-glucose-controlling medications. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the chance of complications during childbirth.
The baby may be bigger than he or she should be. Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard University found that women whose diets before becoming pregnant were high in animal fat andcholesterol had a higher risk for gestational diabetes, compared with their counterparts whose diets were lower in cholesterol and animal fats.
All types of diabetes are treatable. Diabetes type 1 lasts a lifetime, there is no known cure. Type 2 usually lasts a lifetime, however, some people have managed, through lots of exercise, diet and excellent body weight control to get rid of their symptoms without medication. Researchers from the Mayo Clinic Arizona in Scottsdale revealed that gastric bypass surgery can reverse type 2 diabetes in a higher proportion of patients. They added that within three to five years the disease recurs in approximately 21% of them.
Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are often treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections may also be required.If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications.
And now there is a lot of medicines , medication and equipments or machines can treat diabetes and improve your health. I recommend The Ceragem or Infrared Bed which very helpful and really effective to those who have diabetes.
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Monday – Saturday 10am-7pm